Is well known that the Carthaginians, heirs of the Phoenician commercial interests, established thriving industries alpujarreño coastwise, having as base the salting of fish, minerals, Almeria esparto and derived sea goods.
Step of the Romans by the Alpujarra, from 27 B.c., possess abundant testimonies. Here in Mecina have the Roman bridge.
La Alpujarra isolated mountains, has always offered its character of natural fortress as a bulwark to resist those who were trying to penetrate inside. Therefore the Alpujarra has been the scene of rebellions and unique facts, which have decisively contributed to shaping the character and personality of the region, becoming one of its hallmarks, that have made it universally known.
Is believed that the first settlers of the Alpujarra mountains, some African tribes descendants of the bed race that came in the Neolithic period and occupied the lands comprising the Strip located between the Sierra Nevada and the Mediterranean. Proof of this are the examples of polished axes, stone knives and other Neolithic elements found in Mecina Bombarón, Bérchules and Mairena. Around 1200 BC the tartessans settled in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, by exploiting its mines and cultivating their valleys. Then would come the Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians, but their stay in these lands would be very short-lived and soon cease to step to the Romans.
However, the history of the Alpujarra cobra all their prominence from Muslim rule due to their advanced techniques of use of land and natural resources. The Arabs managed irrigated agriculture using sophisticated irrigation systems, some of which are used today. This time comes from great part of the cultural traits that you have configured your original folklore. The part of the most documented history of Alpujarra is the rebellion of the moriscos of 1568. The Catholic Kings established the settlements with the Islamic population, which were respected its properties, freedom of religious worship and customs, but discontent was general and continuous uprisings. So on Christmas Eve 1568, there was a rebellion which was crowned King of the elevations Abén Humeya, don Fernando de Válor. The following year this was killed, assuming the reign his cousin Diego López, Abén Aboo, known historically as the cruel "El Reyecillo", was hated by his enemies and his own supporters, after having betrayed his cousin. He was at the front of the Moorish rebellion for a year and a half, and finally died March 15, 1571, in a cave located between Mecina Bombarón and Bérchules. That meant the total expulsion of the moriscos in the Alpujarra, and date so that these lands would not be deserted and in order to alleviate the serious economic effects, Felipe II would order that the Alpujarra was repopulated by more than 2000 families from Galicia, León, Asturias and Castilla.
In these localities continue to ply many legends concerning the innumerable treasures hidden in the region by the Moorish. Here are the places related to this type of legends, such as the "Cave of the soldier", "Treasure of el Alamillo" or the "Riegecillo pit".